AZ Model 1/72 Breda Ba.27 M
Italian Peashooter
by Enrico Calanchini


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The Breda 27 was an externally-braced low wing fighter with fixed landing gear, bearing some marked resemblance to the Boeing P-26. However, the Breda 27 was an entirely distinct design inspite of some common features. If any design directly influenced it, the more likely candidate was the Travel Air Model R imported by Italy in the early 1930s. Powered by an Alfa Romeo Mercurius IV radial engine, the Breda 27 was produced in 1934 primarily for export. Armament was two 7.7 mm Breda-SAFAT machine guns. The prototype Breda 27 had a two-bladed wooden airscrew, short-cord cowling and a further-aft cockpit.


When the Chinese government invited Italy to send an Air Mission to replace an unofficial American group which had been withdrawn after complaints by the Japanese, a small number of Breda 27 fighters were supplied, equipping one Chinese squadron during 1935-38.

Designed by Cesare Pallavicino in 1932, the first prototype MM 216 was constructed with a metal fuselage and aluminum riveted skin with an innovative cockpit patented by Ing. Mazzini director of V Sezione Aeronautica Breda. The first prototype was powered by the Alfa Romeo Mercurius IV with a two-bladed wooden propeller. The second prototype MM 217 appeared in 1933 with increased tail surfaces, and the following year the third prototype MM 218 appeared with some changes in general appearance and a three-bladed metal propeller. The last two planes were evaluated by the Regia Aeronautica, and MM 218 was demonstrated abroad for export sales. MM 218 was eventually assigned to 86a Sq, 5o Stormo and was damaged in an air accident January 1938. The Breda 27 M was an advanced aircraft for its time, with neat construction and assembly details, such as aileron counterweights located inside its structure.

The kit used here is the AZ Model 1:72 with some changes. The plane modeled is MM 218 assigned to 86a Sq, 5o Stormo Caccia, one of three prototypes evalauted by the Regia Aeronautica, who eventually selected the Fiat CR32. However nine panes were supplied to the Chinese Air Force and were used in Manciuria fighting the Japanese in 1937.

ITALIAN TEXT: L'ingegner Cesare Pallavicino, nel progettare il monoposto da caccia per la Breda nel 1932, forse fu ispirato dalla formula allora in voga negli Stati Uniti. Il primo prototipo M.M. 216 aveva la fusoliera metallica, rivestita in lamierino, con posto di pilotaggio molto arretrato, brevettata dall’ingegner Mazzini direttore della V Sezione Aeronautica della Breda, essa ospitava come unità motrice l’Alfa Romeo Mercurius IV con elica bipala in legno, nel 1933 seguì un secondo esemplare M.M. 217 con le superfici di coda aumentate, e l'anno successivo un terzo prototipo M.M. 218, notevolmente modificato nell’aspetto generale e con elica tripala metallica. I due ultimi aerei furono valutati dalla Regia Aeronautica, e L' M.M. 218 fu esibito all’estero, per ottenere ordini, ma senza esito, quest’ultimo esemplare fu infine assegnato alla 86 Squadriglia del 5 Stormo, come aereo di transizione ai nuovi assaltatori in arrivo al reparto e fu poi demolito nel Gennaio del 1938. Nove esemplari con alcune modifiche furono acquistati dall’ aviazione cinese, ma non è certo se furono impiegati in combattimento in Manciuria contro i giapponesi. Il Breda 27 M era per molti versi un aereo avanzato, di costruzione e finitura accurata e dotato di dettagli insoliti, come ad esempio, i contrappesi per l’equilibratura degli alettoni al loro interno.

Il kit della AZ a richiesto diverse modifiche a livello di dettaglio generale e la sostituzione del motore con uno Engine & Weels più fedele.











Construction
Construction photos:


Resemblance of the Breda 27 to the American Boeing P-26 was obvious but coincidental (MM 218)


Technical Data
Aircraft: Breda 27 M - MM 218
Manufacturer: Societa Italiana Ernesto Breda
Type: Fighter
Year: 1932
Engine: Alfa Romeo Mercurius IV, radial engine, 540 hp
Wingspan: 31 ft 1 in (10.70 m)
Length: 24 ft 11 in (7.60 m)
Height: 11ft 2 in (3.51 m)
Weight: 2,938 lb (1,790 kg) (Loaded)
Maximum Speed: 236 mph (330 km/h) at 0 ft (0 m)
Ceiling: 29,520 ft (9,970 m)
Range: 466 miles (750 km)
Armament: 2 x Breda-SAFAT 7.7mm machine guns
Crew: 2

Additional Images





Colori e Insegne Regia Aeronautica Caccia e Assalto 1940-1943, Part III Stormo Italain WWII Aces Part III Decals - STRM48003



December, 2015
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